Orchestration refers to software platforms and services that automate and orchestrate key IT and business processes to help streamline and simplify operations management for IT personnel.
By automating the configuration, management and interoperability of disparate computer systems, applications and services, orchestration can free IT from the burden of managing a variety of mission-critical but often complex tasks and processes.
Orchestration has seen a surge in interest and use in recent years as emerging IT trends like cloud provisioning and container application deployment have gained mainstream acceptance by enterprises.
Numerous vendors have emerged to compete in the application orchestration space for cloud, including Red Hat with CloudForms, Gigaspaces with Clodify, Kubernetes and the free Ansible software platform.
Some of these tools like CloudForms tend to focus more on infrastructure orchestration, while other orchestration solutions like Kubernetes and Puppet Enterprise focus on application orchestration and, specifically in many cases, container application orchestration.