Short for Web browser, a browser is a software application used to locate, retrieve and display content on the World Wide Web, including Web pages, images, video and other files. As a client/server model, the browser is the client run on a computer that contacts the Web server and requests information. The Web server sends the information back to the browser which displays the results on the computer or other Internet-enabled device that supports a browser.
Today’s Web Browsers
The three most popular desktop browsers, according to Net Marketshare, is Chrome, followed by Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox. Other major browsers include Apple Safari and Opera. While most commonly use to access information on the web, a browser can also be used to access information hosted on Web servers in private networks.
Also, there are a number of browsers that are designed to access the Web using a mobile device. A mobile browser, also called a microbrowser, is optimized to display Web content on smaller mobile device screens and to perform efficiently on these computing devices, which have far less computing power and memory capacity as desktop or laptop. Mobile browsers are typically “stripped down” versions of Web browsers and offer fewer features in order to run well on mobile devices.