Tech Terms: Android Codenames

Android versions (codenames) are used to describe the various updates for the open source Android mobile operating system. Android versions are developed under dessert-inspired codenames, with each new version arriving in alphabetical order with new enhancements and improvements to the Android SDK.

Android Versions
Here’s a snapshot of the Android updates that have already been released as well as at least one currently in development.

  • Cupcake (v1.5)
  • Donut (v1.6)
  • Eclair (v2.0)
  • FroYo (v2.2)
  • Gingerbread (v2.3)
  • Honeycomb (v3.0)
  • Ice Cream Sandwich (v4.0)
  • Jelly Bean (v4.1, v4.2, v4.3)
  • KitKat (v4.4)
  • Lollipop (v5.0)
  • Marshmallow (v6.0)
  • Nougat (v7.0)

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Tech Terms: Acronym

Technically, an acronym is a word that is formed by combining some parts (usually the first letters) of some other terms. For example, modem is the acronym derived from modulator/demodulator and FORTRAN is the chosen parts of the words formula translator.

Acronym Versus Initialism
In everyday speech, the term is also used to refer to initialisms, which are combinations of letters representing a longer phrase. For example, CRT is an initialism for cathode ray tube.The difference is that an acronym is pronounced as if it were a word rather than just a series of individual letters.

Newsgroups, chat rooms, and e-mail have spawned a rich set of acronyms and initialisms for common phrases. 

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Tips & Tricks: Close Current Program

Close the current program Typing Alt + F4 will close the program that is running. This is useful as it saves you time mousing over the “X” and clicking. 

On a Mac you can close Programs with Command + Q

Tech Terms: IT Outsourcing

IT outsourcing is a phrase used to describe the practice of seeking resources — or subcontracting — outside of an organizational structure for all or part of an IT (Information Technology) function. An organization would use IT outsourcing for functions ranging from infrastructure to software development, maintenance and support. For example, an enterprise might outsource its IT management because it is cheaper to contract a third party to do so than it would be to build its own in-house IT management team. Or a company might outsource all of its data storage needs because it does not want to buy and maintain its own data storage devices. Most large organizations only outsource a portion of any given IT function.

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Tips & Tricks: Launch Programs with Shortcuts

Right click the shortcut to any application in Windows, head into the properties and in the shortcut tab you should see a “shortcut key” field where you can type your preferred launch combo. Also of note, if you click the “advanced” options in the shortcut tab, you can set it to run as an Administrator, which is particularly useful for creating a shortcut to an elevated Command Prompt. This could be set to launch with the keys Ctrl + Alt + Numpad 1 for example.

Tech Terms: OEM

OEM (pronounced as separate letters) is short for original equipment manufacturer, which is a somewhat misleading term used to describe a company that has a special relationship with computer and IT producers. OEMs are manufacturers who resell another company’s product under their own name and branding.

OEM is Similar to VAR
While an OEM is similar to a VAR (value-added reseller), it refers specifically to the act of a company branding a product to its own name and offering its own warranty, support and licensing of the product. The term is really a misnomer because OEMs are not the original manufacturers; they customize the original product.

An Example of OEM
When a computer technology producer manufacturers its product, for example, a computer graphics card, they will usually make two or more versions of the product. One version is distributed by the manufacturer direct to the consumer retail market, using its own branding and offering its own warranty and support.

Other versions of the manufactured product will be distributed through the manufacturer’s OEM and authorized reseller distribution channels. Usually OEM products are the same quality as the retail versions, but warranties may be different, the manual and bundled software may be non-existent, and the cables and connectors required for installation might not be included. In some cases it may be large quantities of the product purchased in bulk by the OEM for mass-production of pre-built systems.

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Tips & Tricks: Foreign Symbols

Use Windows’ character map to identify and create foreign symbols Search the Start menu for “character map” and you should find a utility that lets you copy every character imaginable and even provides an Alt + Numpad code for later use. For example, the euro sign (€) can be made with Alt + 0128.

Tech Terms: Marketing Automation

Marketing automation is a component of customer relationship management (CRM) that uses software and applications, often SaaS or hosted applications, to automate marketing processes. The benefits to using automation is that is removes the time-consuming tasks associated with manual customer data management for list segmentation and campaign management.

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