Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots.
“Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no help at all.” —Dale Carnegie
Internet Protocol (IP) Address: Every device (for example, computers, printers, routers, and gaming consoles) on a network must have a unique address. An IP address consists of four sets of numbers from 0 to 255, separated by a decimal (for example, 192.168.1.200).
“You measure the size of the accomplishment by the obstacles you had to overcome to reach your goals.” —Booker T. Washington
Internet Service Provider (ISP): An ISP provides Internet service to individuals and businesses. Typical options for high-speed Internet access include DSL and cable.
“Real difficulties can be overcome; it is only the imaginary ones that are unconquerable.” —Theodore N. Vail
Ethernet: Ethernet is a networking standard. Although there are other types of networks, Ethernet is by far the most common and is almost exclusively the only standard used in home networking. You will encounter this term frequently when shopping for various network hardware, such as routers, modems, and cables.
“It is better to fail in originality than to succeed in imitation.” —Herman Melville
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP): DHCP automatically assigns IP addresses to the devices on your network. You pre-configure a range of allowable IP addresses on a DHCP server (such as a router or computer) that runs on your network.
“Fortune sides with him who dares.” —Virgil